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VMware vSphere ESXi6.0常用命令

时间:2019-09-03 19:08来源:linux.it.net.cn 作者:IT

1、简介

    VMware vSphere ESXi6.0常用命令使用,对于一些个人认为比较常用的命令进行总结,如果读者需要了解更多请访问VMware官网下载文档,链接如下:https://www.vmware.com/support/developer/vcli/。

    ESXi命令行获取帮助的方法为<命令关键字 --help>,常用的命令一般都是以esxcli开头,如果忘记命令可以使用帮助:esxcli --help;输出如下:

[root@localhost:~] esxcli --help

Usage: esxcli [options] {namespace}+ {cmd} [cmd options]

Options:

  --formatter=FORMATTER

                        Override the formatter to use for a given command. Available formatter: xml, csv, keyvalue

  --debug               Enable debug or internal use options

  --version             Display version information for the script

  -?, --help            Display usage information for the script

Available Namespaces:

  device                Device manager commands

  elxnet                elxnet esxcli functionality

  esxcli                Commands that operate on the esxcli system itself allowing users to get additional information.

  fcoe                  VMware FCOE commands.

  graphics              VMware graphics commands.

  hardware              VMKernel hardware properties and commands for configuring hardware.

  iscsi                 VMware iSCSI commands.

  network               Operations that pertain to the maintenance of networking on an ESX host. This includes a wide variety of

                        commands to manipulate virtual networking components (vswitch, portgroup, etc) as well as local host IP, DNS and

                        general host networking settings.

  rdma                  Operations that pertain to remote direct memory access (RDMA) protocol stack on an ESX host.

  sched                 VMKernel system properties and commands for configuring scheduling related functionality.

  software              Manage the ESXi software image and packages

  storage               VMware storage commands.

  system                VMKernel system properties and commands for configuring properties of the kernel core system and related system

                        services.

  vm                    A small number of operations that allow a user to Control Virtual Machine operations.

  vsan                  VMware Virtual SAN commands 

 

2、常用命令

1)、vmware -v

    查看系统版本,例子:

[root@localhost:~] vmware -v

VMware ESXi 6.0.0 build-3620759

 

2)、esxcli system version get

    查看系统版本包括patch等信息,例子:    

[root@localhost:~] esxcli system version get

Product: VMware ESXi

Version: 6.0.0

Build: Releasebuild-3620759

Update: 2

Patch: 34

 

3)、esxcli system time get

    查看系统时间,例子:

[root@localhost:~] esxcli system time get

2016-09-13T02:02:39Z

 

4)、esxcli system time set <options>

    修改系统时间,例子:

Cmd options:

  -d|--day=<long>       Day

  -H|--hour=<long>      Hour

  -m|--min=<long>       Minute

  -M|--month=<long>     Month

  -s|--sec=<long>       Second

  -y|--year=<long>      Year

[root@localhost:~] esxcli system time set -y=2016 -M=9 -d=13 -H=10 -m=9

[root@localhost:~] esxcli system time get

2016-09-13T10:09:27Z

 

5)、esxcli system maintenanceMode set --enable true/false

    ESXi主机进入/退出,维护模式,例子:

[root@localhost:~] esxcli system maintenanceMode set --enable true

[root@localhost:~] esxcli system maintenanceMode get   //查看维护模式的状态

Enabled

[root@localhost:~] esxcli system maintenanceMode set --enable false

[root@localhost:~] esxcli system maintenanceMode get

Disabled

[root@localhost:~] 

 

6)、esxcli system shutdown reboot/poweroff

    系统重启/关机(必须处于维护模式,否则命令不生效)

 

7)、esxcli network ip interface ipv4 get

    查看接口ipv4地址,例子:

[root@localhost:~] esxcli network ip interface ipv4 get

Name  IPv4 Address   IPv4 Netmask   IPv4 Broadcast  Address Type  DHCP DNS

----  -------------  -------------  --------------  ------------  --------

vmk0  10.1.98.165    255.255.255.0   10.1.98.255     STATIC          false

 

8)、esxcli network ip route ipv4 list

    查看路由表,例子:

[root@localhost:~] esxcli network ip route ipv4 list

Network      Netmask        Gateway        Interface  Source

-----------  -------------  -------------  ---------  ------

default      0.0.0.0        10.1.98.254  vmk0       MANUAL

10.1.98.0  255.255.255.0  0.0.0.0        vmk0       MANUAL

 

9)、esxcli network nic list

    查看ESXi主机网卡列表(nic)或up-link列表,例子:

[root@localhost:~] esxcli network nic list

Name    PCI Device    Driver  Admin Status  Link Status  Speed  Duplex  MAC Address         MTU  Description

------  ------------  ------  ------------  -----------  -----  ------  -----------------  ----  ---------------------------------------------------

vmnic0  0000:03:00.0  e1000e  Up            Up            1000  Full    00:50:56:9d:bd:b7  1500  Intel Corporation 82574L Gigabit Network Connection

vmnic1  0000:0b:00.0  e1000e  Up            Up            1000  Full    00:50:56:9d:7c:7f  1500  Intel Corporation 82574L Gigabit Network Connection

 

10)、esxcli network nic down/up -n=vmnic1

    关闭/打开vmnic1接口

 

11)、esxcli storage core device list

    查看磁盘列表

(责任编辑:IT)
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